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Looking for the Snow Leopard in China

Read the story of one of my most incredible trips, while, together with another photographer, we managed to photograph a Snow Leopard.

china snow leopard

In recent years I have traveled a lot and seen incredible places, but one of the most unique trips I’ve ever made has been to China, in the provinces of Qinghai and Sichuan. As I’ve often written in this blog, China is not the first place that comes to mind when you think about wildlife and nature. To be honest, however, China (here the complete travel guide to China) is a country with incredible landscapes and an almost unparalleled variety of animals.

On my last trip, I was on a mission for Wild Wonders of China. The main objective was to photograph the rare White-Lipped Deer, a species of Deer that lives only in the Tibetan area and it seems that very few people have ever photographed them.

As you’ll see, the trip was epic and we eventually ended up photographing for the first time in the world a hunting scene between a Snow Leopard and a Blue Sheep.

Yushu – Qinghai


The trip started with a flight from Chengdu in Sichuan (don’t miss my article with the top things to do in Chengdu) to Yushu in Qinghai province. Located at an altitude of 3700 meters, this city is surrounded by incredible landscapes. Most people living in the Tibetan and Qinghai plateau don’t speak Chinese but many different Tibetan dialects.

There aren’t many things to do in Yushu other than a visit to the biggest Mani Stones Wall in the world. Mani stones are stone plates, rocks, and/or pebbles, inscribed with the six syllabled mantras of Avalokiteshvara (Om mani Padme hum, hence the name “Mani stone”), as a form of prayer in Tibetan Buddhism.

mani stones qinghai tibet

I’ve spent a lot of time in China and one thing that is very obvious is the total absence of any form of religion in most of the country. The Tibetan plateau is a world apart in this sense too. People are very religious and this becomes quite obvious as soon as you arrive there. It’s not unusual to see groups of pilgrims on their way to Lhasa, walking on foot. This trip usually takes several months. It’s a pilgrimage made often in winter when the weather conditions are extreme.

buddhist monks tibet

One thing to remember is that in this part of China, foreigners can travel even without a tour guide (unlike Tibet where you need a special Visa and a tour guide). But, unlike most of China, foreigners are not always welcome.

Another thing to keep in mind is that if you travel in the Tibetan Plateau you should avoid naming the Dalai Lama in public (it’s usually referred to as Big D or His Holiness). It’s also not a good idea to have any of his pictures with you. Probably nobody will check if you have one, but if that happens you might end up being in trouble.

Looking for the Snow Leopard

yaks qinghai

After leaving Yushu we headed to Sichuan in some remote valley in the plateau, looking for the White-Lipped Deers. The trip was quite challenging. We camped at an elevation between 4000 and 5000 meters and it was very cold. We also had to face some problems with local authorities who were not very happy to see some foreigners. Furthermore, in those remote valleys, local people don’t like foreigners either. Fortunately, we eventually solved the issue and we were allowed to stay.

We found the White-Lipped Deers on the very first few days.

We visited the plateau during the mating season of the deers, which is the only time of the year when males and females spend some time together. During the rest of the year, they live in different places.

The next goal for us was to photograph the Snow Leonard, knowing well that it would have been a very challenging task: few people have ever seen one, let alone photographed it. Most pictures and videos of Snow Leopards are in fact taken using photo traps.

Long story short from this point on the trip became epic. A few days after our arrival we saw for the first time a Snow Leopard and, once we discovered the place where he seems to spend some time looking for prey, we returned to the same spot every day. We saw it for 6 days in a row before he eventually got tired of seeing humans every day and walked away high up in the mountains.

The incredible thing is that we saw the cat while he tried to catch (failing) a Blue Sheep. The next day we eventually photographed the Snow Leopard successfully killing a Blue Sheep. I later discovered that we were the first to photograph this scene, as this article in Nat Geo explains.

It wasn’t an easy kill. After catching his prey, the Leopard started rolling down the mountain for at least 200 meters due to the steepness of the slope.

snow leopard china tibet

In the end, almost exhausted, he managed to drag its prey on a rock. Once the prey has been captured, the Snow Leopards spend usually 2 or 3 days sleeping and eating it.

The next day, being careful not to scare the Leopard away, we tried to get a bit closer. There are no words to describe what you feel as you look at a Snow Leopard straight into its eyes. This experience alone has rewarded me for all the sacrifices I made in my life to get where I am now.

snow leopard

Seeing a Snow Leopard is a unique experience and for this reason, it’s easy to forget all the other amazing things we saw. The valleys we explored are a real paradise. Among other things, we photographed: Tibetan Gazelles, Bearded Vultures, Wolves, Foxes, Musk Deers, Golden Eagles, Vultures, White-Lipped Deers, Blue Sheep, Argali Sheep, and much more.

Where to photograph the Snow Leopard

Where to photograph the Snow Leopard

Unfortunately, the Snow Leopard is a very diffident and difficult animal to photograph. China is definitely the best place given that most of the Snow Leopards (the world population of this cat is between 4000 and 10000) live or spend part of their lives in this country. I also photographed a couple of them in Kyrgyzstan but they were in a reserve.

Snow Leopards love resting at the top of high cliffs from where they can control the whole valley. Sichuan is one of the places where you can find it. The best season is winter. In summer it’s too hot for them, even if the temperatures are only a few degrees above zero, and they hide in the caves.

My advice is to rely on local tour guides who know the area and have already seen them. On this trip, our guide was the same that accompanied the Walt Disney troupe during the filming of the documentary Born in China. The irony of the fate, despite their very high budget, in the two years of filming they did not manage to see a Snow Leopard hunting a wild animal.

To conclude this is a video where I condensed some of the scenes shot in this and other trips to China.


If you decide to visit China, don’t forget to get a VPN. Here are some more pictures I took in Qinghai. Here is an article about Xinjiang the Far West of China and here my travel guide to Tibet.

2 thoughts on “Looking for the Snow Leopard in China”

  1. Raacho Trekkers

    Engaging story and amazing photography Fabio.

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