In this travel guide, I explain how to cross the border between China and Vietnam from Hekou (河口) to Lao Cai.
If you are looking for information about crossing the border between China and Vietnam you won’t find much. One reason is that the border has been closed for many years. Another reason is that that’s not the most common way to enter Vietnam (or China).
However, since I personally did cross the bridge that separates these two countries, I can give you some useful info. This article explains how to get from China to Vietnam but you can obviously do the same thing in the opposite direction.
How to get to Hekou (河口)
When talking about China and Vietnam borders I’m referring to the cities of Hekou in China and Lao Cai in Vietnam. To get to Hekou there are two possibilities: getting there by bus or by train. The train is definitely cheaper and faster.
It would take a completely separate article to talk about all the different trains in China, how to buy the tickets, which kind of ticket it’s better to buy, etc… To summarize, when booking a train in China I recommend using Trip.com.
If your city of departure is not too far from Hekou (no more than 2/3 hours) then you can buy a ticket for a Hard Seat. To get an idea of what these seats look like you can see the picture above. If the distance is greater, I recommend a Hard Sleeper ticket (basically a ticket for a bunk bed). This is because the seats of old Chinese trains are very uncomfortable. You definitely don’t want to sit there for more than a couple of hours. As of now there a no fast trains connecting Kunming to Hekou.
The good thing about traveling by train is that you’ll see some of the countryside that is really beautiful (check out the first picture of the article).
You’ll be surprised by the numerous security check you’ll have to undergo before actually getting on the train: Chinese are obsessed with safety. It is literally impossible to get on the train without tickets. If the Italian railways were to adopt the same system, the problem of passengers without tickets would be definitively fixed.
When you arrive in Hekou, get outside of the small train station and avoid the taxis. Then look for the numerous green buses that will take you straight to the border. Their destination in Chinese is 越南 (Vietnam). The price is 2RMB.
China-Vietnam border crossing
The first thing to do is to enter the small building with the big “Exit” text. Remember to bring the immigration ticket you filled in when you entered China.
If you lost it, hopefully, they can give you a new one. Don’t forget to check if you need a Visa to enter Vietnam. Every country is different and you can’t get a Visa on arrival from this border. If you need one, you can request it from this agency.
There is always a lot of confusion when it comes to visas and their validity. Is it often hard to understand when you can start counting the number of days your Visa is valid for: from the date on the stamp or from the following day? In China and Vietnam, the visa is valid from the day after the date of entry into the country.
Once you have passed the security checks in China, you can cross the bridge that separates China from Vietnam.
This is the Chinese side of the border
This is the Vietnamese side of the border
After a few hundred meters you will be on the other side of the bridge and you will be able to enter the building where passports are checked by the Vietnamese authorities.
There are usually very few people and it shouldn’t take long for the authorities to check your passports
Once you cross the border, you’ll be approached by a crowd of Vietnamese people that will ask you if you need to change money. Avoid them and walk to the ATM nearby, at the end of the big square, if you need some local money.
Lao Cai (the city bordering China) does not have much to offer. If you still want to rest from the trip you can find some cheap hotels with Booking.com.
Usually, tourists continue their trip and visit Sapa or Hanoi. If you have to go to Sapa you can take one of the minivans in the square just outside the border or (even better) take the public bus that costs much less and offers the same service.
If you are wondering if it’s better Sapa or Yuanyang, in China, check out my article.
Yunnan also borders Laos, and you can easily cross the border between Mohan in China and Boten in Laos. Here you can read my guide.
If you are heading south and want to visit Hanoi or any other place, you can take a train or a bus from Sapa. You can book the train from this website.
As a last reminder, some websites are censored in Vietnam, as well as in China. Please remember to get a VPN before you get there. If you don’t know what a VPN is you can read this article. Here 5 reasons to always use a VPN when traveling.